Realism to Impressionism

Realism emerged in France in the aftermath of the Revolution of 1848 that overturned the monarchy of Louis-Philippe and developed during the period of the Second Empire under Napoleon III. The Realists democratised art by depicting modern subjects drawn from the everyday lives of the working class. Courbet (1819–1877) established himself as the leading proponent of Realism by challenging the primacy of history painting, long favoured at the official Salons.  ‘Painting is an essentially concrete art and can only consist in the representation of real and existing things’ (Gustave Courbet). Realists recorded in often gritty detail the present-day existence of humble people both in the city or, as with Millet, in the countryside. The primary exponents of Realism were Gustave Courbet, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Jean-François Millet, Jean-François Raffaelli and Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau. The Matthiesen Gallery has handled major works by all these artists.

The Rose Garden

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
The Rose Garden
Un Fort De La Valleé - Halles Centrales

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Un Fort De La Valleé - Halles Centrales
Le pont sur La Touques a Trouville

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Le pont sur La Touques a Trouville
Portrait of Madame Alice Hoschedé (afterwards, Madame Monet)

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Portrait of Madame Alice Hoschedé (afterwards, Madame Monet)
Vue d’'une mer agitée près d’une falaise

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Vue d’'une mer agitée près d’une falaise
Landscape with a Pond and Cottage

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Landscape with a Pond and Cottage
La Rue des Martyrs, Paris in the Snow

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
La Rue des Martyrs, Paris in the Snow
Fleurs, Chrysanthèmes

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Fleurs, Chrysanthèmes
Portrait of Charles Joachim Lefebre at Newmarket 1872

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Portrait of Charles Joachim Lefebre at Newmarket 1872
La Musicienne Italienne

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
La Musicienne Italienne
Self-Portrait in the artist's library

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Self-Portrait in the artist's library
The Lesson

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
The Lesson
View of Fredericksborg Castle

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
View of Fredericksborg Castle
View of Fredericksholms Canal

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
View of Fredericksholms Canal
Return from the War

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Return from the War
Portrait of Dr Xavier von Soist

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Portrait of Dr Xavier von Soist
Portrait of Mrs von Soist

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Portrait of Mrs von Soist
The Piazzetta and Doge's palace in the Fog with a Bragazzo

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism and 1890-1930 Modern
The Piazzetta and Doge's palace in the Fog with a Bragazzo
Femme sur un canapé (Berthe Morisot)

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Femme sur un canapé (Berthe Morisot)
The Old Wall

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
The Old Wall
Landscape at Gennevilliers

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Landscape at Gennevilliers
Le Sommeil (Sleep)

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Historical Period: 1810-1870 Romanticism and 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Le Sommeil (Sleep)
Ludus Pro Patria

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Ludus Pro Patria
Man Stealing Bread

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Man Stealing Bread
Edge of the Forest, near the Gorges d'Apremont

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Edge of the Forest, near the Gorges d'Apremont
La Maison de Garde - Ferme dans les Landes

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Historical Period: 1810-1870 Romanticism and 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
La Maison de Garde - Ferme dans les Landes
Marsh on the Moors, Springtime

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Marsh on the Moors, Springtime
Sunset on the Sables at Jean-de-Paris

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Sunset on the Sables at Jean-de-Paris
Two Shepherds Boys in the Campagna

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Two Shepherds Boys in the Campagna
Canal at St-Mammès

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Canal at St-Mammès
A Gentleman

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
A Gentleman
Heavenly Welcome

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Heavenly Welcome
Portrait of Mrs Oriana Fanning

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Portrait of Mrs Oriana Fanning
Thetis imploring

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Historical Period: 1840-1900 Realism to Impressionism
Thetis imploring